South Asian Outlook
October 2015 issue
By Michael O’Hanlon – Newsweek
In my new book, The Future of Land Warfare (Brookings Institution Press, 2015), I attempt to debunk the new conventional wisdom (which began with the Obama administration but also permeates thinking beyond): Messy ground operations can be relegated to the dustbin of history.
Need for a reality check
By Arif Nizami – Pakistan Today
Both India and Pakistan are celebrating golden jubilees of their respective first full-fledged military conflagration in September 1965 as victory parades. The empty boast by the Indian army chief that he will have a ‘Patiala’ at Gymkhana Club Lahore — the same evening the Indian forces declared war on the western front — is interpreted as a victory for Pakistan Army in the ‘65 war.
By Rajeswari Pillai Rajagopalan and Arka Biswas
The nuclear non-proliferation order is clearly in trouble. The failure of the recently concluded NPT Review Conference (RevCon) over issues of nuclear disarmament and the Middle East Nuclear Weapons Free Zone (MENWFZ) highlighted the challenges the international community faces.
India Has Material for Over 2,000 Nuclear-warheads: Report
By Press Trust of India - The Economic Times
Pakistan has assessed that India has enough fissile material to build more than 2,000 nuclear warheads, a media report said.
The apex policy-making body for Pakistan's strategic programme, the National Command Authority (NCA), noted that India's rapidly growing nuclear programme and absence of a conflict resolution mechanism were upsetting strategic stability in the region.
By S C Kohli - Meri News
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, while a member of Gen. Ayub Khan's cabinet in 1960 was Pakistan's first leader who discerned the significance of developing nuclear power capabilities for his country's political and military standing in the Indian sub-continent.
After Pakistan's defeat in 1965 war, Bhutto had inter alia announced that "even if we have to eat grass, we will make nuclear bomb". Thereafter humiliating defeat in 1971 war at the hands of spirited Indian armed forces, Pakistan as a nation led by Bhutto got baffled and strongly perceived that Pakistan cannot defeat India militarily and required nuclear deterrent.
By Shafqat Ali - The Asian Age
Pakistan possesses second nuclear strike capability against India, former defence secretary Lt. Gen. Naeem Khalid Lodhi said on September 23.
Speaking at a seminar here titled “Challenges in the India, Pakistan Relations under BJP Government: Security & Diplomatic Perspectives” at the Strategic Vision Institute (SVI), Gen. Lodhi discussed the security challenge posed by India and Pakistan’s strengths in dealing with it, despite the growing conventional asymmetry with India.
Ex-RAW chief Anand Verma has revealed former ISI head was close to settling several disputes, and it may have led to Gen Zia's assassination.
By Shekhar Gupta
On The Hindu op-ed page on August 28, Anand Verma, director of R&AW in the Rajiv Gandhi era, has made stunning revelations of his secret negotiations with Lt General Hamid Gul, then ISI chief and his exact counterpart. In negotiations, mostly conducted overseas, and later on public phone lines using code words and signals, he says they came close to settling the Siachen dispute and also de-escalate the Kashmir theatre on both sides.
By Mohammad Dawod, Suhrob Ahmad
There is a scholarly consensus that while the rest of the world succumbed to two World Wars, Afghanistan endured a relatively peaceful sixty years. Credit for this era of internal peace and security is greatly due to the Afghan people’s strong traditions and rich social structure, which were integral parts of every Afghan’s daily life. Only by analyzing the tradition and informal social structure of Afghanistan, are we able to foresee durable peace.
By S. Binodkumar Singh
Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management
On September 2, 2015, four eminent personalities, including Chittagong District Court’s Additional Public Prosecutors Ashok Kumar Das and Chandan Bishwas; the Vice-Chancellor of Premier University, Chittagong, Dr. Anupam Sen; and International Crime Tribunal’s Prosecutor Rana Dasgupta received death threats in the form of SMS text messages from the banned terrorist formation, Ansarullah Bangla Team (ABT, Volunteer of Allah Bangla Team).