South Asian Outlook
April 2016 Issue
By Daisaku Ikeda - Toward A Nuclear Free World
Last year’s NPT Review Conference closed without bridging the chasm between the nuclear-weapon and non-nuclear-weapon states. It was deeply regrettable that no consensus was reached at this significant juncture marking the seventieth anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The Marshall Islands' Nuclear Zero Cases in the International Court of Justice
On April 24, 2014, the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) filed applications in the International Court of Justice (ICJ) to hold the nine nuclear-armed states accountable for violations of international law with respect to their nuclear disarmament obligations under the 1968 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and customary international law. The nine states possessing nuclear arsenals are the United States, United Kingdom, France, Russia, China, India, Pakistan, North Korea, and Israel.
Belgian Authorities Had “Precise Intelligence Warnings”
By Stéphane Hugues and Alex Lantier
The day after the mass bombings in Brussels that killed 34 people and wounded another 230, it emerged that Belgian authorities had specific forewarnings of the attack and had already last year identified the men who carried out the assault as Islamist terrorists.
By Romil Patel
The Islamic State (Isis) has trained and dispatched at least 400 fighters to Europe to hit the continent in deadly waves. The fanned out network of interlocking terror cells similar to the ones that struck Paris in November and Brussels yesterday have "orders to choose the time, place and method for maximum carnage."
The Associated Press news agency has reported that it spoke to a number of officials, including European and Iraqi intelligence personnel and a French politician, who described camps in Syria, Iraq and possibly even the former Soviet bloc as breeding grounds where jihadis are trained to attack the West.
Analysis by Stratfor
The March 22 terrorist attacks in Brussels come as the European Union is still reeling from the November Paris attacks and scrambling to solve the migrant crisis. More important, they come as nationalist forces are challenging key principles of the Continental bloc, including the free movement of labor and the Schengen Agreement, which eliminated border controls among several member states. The atmosphere of fear and suspicion that is sure to follow will only worsen these social, political and economic crises.
By Jim Miles
Current events in Syria and the broader Middle East have brought forth the idea of “militarized” refugees. This is not a new concept but its present incarnation comes most clearly from General Breedlove – a misnomer if there ever was one – who said,
“These indiscriminate weapons used by both Bashar al-Assad, and the non-precision use of weapons by the Russian forces — I can’t find any other reason for them other than to cause refugees to be on the move and make them someone else’s problem …Together, Russia and the Assad regime are deliberately weaponizing migration in an attempt to overwhelm European structures and break European resolve,” 
By Toba Hellerstein
The quagmire that is contemporary Syria is as infinitely complex as it was when it emerged from the ruins of the Ottoman Empire. Its medley of cultures and ethnicities coexisted peaceably under the sultans, but the European powers that inherited the land after World War I were unfamiliar with — and uninterested in protecting — Syria's unique brand of pluralism. Decades of autocratic rule followed.
Today, the warring factions that populate the Syrian battlefield speak to the unraveling of Syria's once-cohesive society, but the lessons of the Ottoman Empire remain. Moving forward, those lessons may be the best hope for turning a failed state into a nation at once unified and diverse.
Says Former UK Ambassador To Syria
By Eric Zuesse
Peter Ford, who was the UK's Ambassador in Syria during 2003-2006, was asked by the BBC in their “The Big Questions” interview on February 14th, whether the current Syrian President Bashar al-Assad would have to be a part of the solution in that country after the war is over, and Ambassador Ford said: “I think sadly, but inevitably, he is. Realistically, Assad is not going to be overthrown. This becomes more clear with every day that passes. Western analysts have been indulging in wishful thinking for 5 years; it's time to get real, we owe it to the Syrian people to be much more realistic and hard headed about this. The West has to stop propping up the so-called ‘moderate opposition', which is not moderate at all.”
Of Turkey’s Assistance
By Eric Zuesse
Russian Television is starting a series of documentaries showing captured ISIS documents, and Turkish-border-stamped passports of ISIS fighters. The initial news-report also refers to a ‘fatwa’ that allegedly allows infidels to be killed to supply fresh organs for transplantation into severely injured ISIS fighters.