LETTER FROM U.K. - On American Leader
World will Want from a new American Leader
BY CHRIS PATTEN *
LONDON — Around the world, America's presidential
election campaign has attracted as much attention as domestic political
controversies in each of our own countries. The interest the world has taken
in America's vote is the best example of America's soft power, and a lesson in
democracy from the world's only superpower. If only we could all vote, as well
as watch and listen, because the outcome is vital for everyone around the
What does the world want — and, perhaps more
importantly, what does it need — from a new American president?
Much as some may hate to admit it, anti-Americanism is a
sentiment that has been fed and nurtured during the Bush years. Yet the world
still needs American leadership. Yes, we are witnessing the emergence of
China, Brazil, and India as important global economic players. Yes, we have
watched the humiliating fall of Wall Street's masters of the universe. Yes,
American military prowess has drained away into what Winston Churchill called
"the thoughtless deserts of Mesopotamia," and its moral authority
has been weakened by events in places from Guantanamo Bay to Abu Ghraib.
All that is true. Yet, the United States remains the
world's only superpower, the only nation that matters in every part of the
globe, the only country capable of mobilizing international action to tackle
president's first task will be to return America's economic competitiveness
and self-confidence. It will not be easy to rein in overspending and
overborrowing, to restore the real family values of saving, thrift,
responsibility and fair reward. Achieving these goals is bound to involve a
greater regard for social equality, after a period in which the very rich have
been able to protect a "Roaring Twenties" lifestyle through cleverly
exploiting the "culture wars" — i.e., the populist prejudices of
their much poorer fellow citizens.
With America turning away from its global role of
borrower of last resort, the rest of us will need to sharpen our competitive
edge to sell in other markets. What is imperative is that this should not be
impeded by a return to protectionism. A new American president would do well
to remember the disastrous consequences of protectionism in the 1920s and
1930s. President Herbert Hoover's failures should be a sanguinary lesson.
We all look to the next U.S. president to re-engage with
the world community and international organizations, accepting that even a
superpower should accept the rules that apply to others. The United Nations is
far from perfect. It needs reform, as do the bodies that provide global
economic governance. That will take time. But a necessary, if not sufficient,
condition for change is America's commitment to and leadership of the process.
Forget the distraction of trying to create an alternative to the UN — the
so-called League of Democracies. It won't work.
We want a new president who will aim to make a success of
the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty renewal conference in 2010 by scrapping
more weapons, abandoning research into them, and challenging others to do the
same. That would be the best backdrop to establishing tougher surveillance and
monitoring, beginning to engage with Iran, and searching for a way to involve
India and Pakistan in a global nuclear agreement.
Ahead of that, a new president should unleash America's
creative potential in boosting energy efficiency and developing clean
technologies. It would be a welcome surprise if a comprehensive follow-up to
the Kyoto Protocol could be agreed upon next year. At the least, we should aim
to agree on the process that will move worldwide discussions in the right
direction and, as part of that, America should aim to engage Europe, China,
and India, in particular, on technological developments such as clean coal.
America's relationship with China will be a key to
prosperity and security in this new century. I do not think that a struggle
for hegemony is inevitable, or that it would be desirable. The U.S. should
focus more attention on China, without ever pretending that China's record on
human rights can be swept under the carpet. China cannot sustain its economic
development without political changes and environmental improvements.
In the Middle East, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert
offered wise advice to the next U.S. president upon his retirement. Israel and
Palestine have become, he said, the hopeless and bloody prism through which
American diplomacy often seems to see the world. It has long since been time
to move on, making a sustained drive for the sort of settlement that was
almost achieved in the Clinton era.
There is a paradox in all this. The world for years has
called for a multilateral approach from Washington. When we get one, will the
rest of us — Europe, for example — actually respond with sufficient
commitment and drive? It would at least be a welcome challenge to be required
to put our efforts where our mouths have been.
Chris Patten is an author, former EU commissioner for
external relations, former chairman of the British Conservative Party, and was
the last British governor of Hong Kong. He is currently chancellor of Oxford
University and a member of the British House of Lords. This article was
published in the Globe and Mail on October 29, 2008.
This article was published in the Globe and Mail on October 29, 2008.
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